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In the business was expanded to include the manufacture of agricultural implements. Upon Eliphalet's death in , his son, Philo, took over the firm during the Civil War , and diversified the product line to include sewing machines manufactured from to and typewriters , both of which were exhibited at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in Soule for a "Type-Writer" which was eventually developed into the Sholes and Glidden typewriter , the first device that allowed an operator to type substantially faster than a person could write by hand.
The patent U. Remington and Sons then famous as a manufacturer of sewing machines , to commercialize what was known as the Sholes and Glidden Type-Writer. Remington started production of their first typewriter on March 1, in Ilion, New York. On March 7, , ownership of E. Remington in addition was one of the most successful gun manufacturers in the world arms trade between and , specifically through the export of the Remington Rolling Block action rifle. This single-shot, large-caliber black-powder cartridge rifle was exported in the millions all over the world, including shipments to France, Egypt , Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Belgium, Argentina , Mexico and the Papal States.
In , E. Included were the rights to use the Remington name. The buyers were William O. Wyckoff , Harry H. Benedict , and Clarence Seamans , all of whom worked for Remington. Standard Typewriter changed its name in to Remington Typewriter Company. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American manufacturer of firearms and typewriters. Main article: Remington Arms. Beeching, Wilfred A.
Century of the Typewriter. New York: St. Martin's Press. Citizen Publishing Company. Krause Publications. ISBN America: an encyclopaedia of its history and biography. Horace King. Flayderman's guide to antique American firearms Iola, WI: Krause Publications. The History of Remington Firearms.
Lyons Press. Witkowski November Journal of Historical Research in Marketing : — Historical Perspectives, Inc. Archived from the original PDF on March 4, Retrieved September 11, Companies portal. Remington firearms and cartridges. These fancy colored machines may come in deluxe, leather-covered cases with compartments for stationery and supplies. One sometimes sees RNPs on which the back spacer and margin release keys protrude through the plate behind the keyboard; this allows for two more character keys to be added to the keyboard.
Such machines, in my experience, turn up in Europe. Probably Remington made them for export, so that they could handle accents and other characters for European languages. Name variants: Monarch, Smith Premier Noiseless. Thanks to Charles Gu and mytypewriter. The Model Seven, the big brother of the Noiseless Portable , has a full-sized paper table, a tabulator, black plastic keytops, and a carriage return lever that is long and horizontal rather than short and vertical.
My first typewriter was one of these, and I still enjoy using it. Triple line spacing was introduced with H July Some earlier specimens have bigger feet than later ones, so they stand about 1 cm taller. They may also come in cases that include a leather strap to hold the typewriter in place.
There are at least two decal schemes: the one shown above, with "Remington 7 Noiseless" on the paper table, and another scheme with "Remington Noiseless" on the paper table and "Model Seven" on the front of the machine. A rare color variant is two-tone green.
I once saw a 7 covered in alligator skin! Almost surely an aftermarket refinement. It was found in Las Vegas -- of course. The Seven was revived after the war , with wrinkle paint and other small stylistic changes; the postwar serial numbers, HH according to Remington records, are not included in the total made as listed above. Some postwar Model Sevens were also assembled in France from US-made parts; their serial numbers go even higher than those listed in the Remington records.
The latest machine known to me is H tan paint, UK keyboard. This is like the 3 , but has a true tabulator instead of a paragraph five-space key. Pictured: V, courtesy of Chris and Gary Josey. V, owned by Mark Adams, is marked "Monarch" on the back. Although they're called Underwoods, these machines are identical twins of the Remington Noiseless Model Seven and Remington Noiseless Portable , respectively. A former Underwood employee has reported that they were made in the Remington factory by arrangement with Underwood.
Serial number records are confusing and incomplete. I won't bore you with the details; the numbers above are the best sense I can make of the available records, but they seem surprisingly high to me these machines are common, but not that common.
Some Underwood Noiseless 77 machines were outfitted with at least two variants of the Dvorak keyboard in , presumably as part of Dr. August Dvorak's efficiency experiments. Rare color variants of the 77 are maroon and two-tone green.
The 77 was revived in serials ; these machines are not included in my production totals above. Later 77's are finished in wrinkle paint. This model was sold by the Butler Bros. It seems to have been nearly identical to the 2 portable except for its "BB" serial number and a tabulator. Collector Jim Dax reports that BB is just like a two-tone green 2; I have also seen BB, which is also like a two-tone green 2, with a black paper table and a tab key.
It it is a plausible guess that serial numbers would begin with BB A Butler Brothers catalogue advertisement kindly provided for me by Thomas A. Russo pictures a Remington that looks like a 1 and says that it is available in black, blue, red, red and white, and green and white; a druggists' model is also available, with characters used in writing prescriptions.
It's a confusing task to sort out the varieties of this portable with the cute and perky name. In essence it is much like the portable 2 , but it lacks some major conveniences of the 2, such as adjustable margins. It comes in four versions:. The model 5T has a true tabulator instead of the five-space or paragraph key found on its near-twin, the model 5. Name variant: Monarch. The specimen pictured above was made in Canada. This typewriter is similar to the 3 , but looks more solid and has a broader, boxier shape.
Remington literature describes the 5 as "the world's best seller," and it was certainly an enduring member of the Remington line. Sold in France as the "Rem This creates some uncertainty about the number produced. This typewriter is occasionally found with a rounded paper table marked "Remington 5," as on the streamlined 5.
In another unusual variant, the top plate of the body between the keyboard and the keys is painted blue. A strange little experiment. This curious typewriter is virtually identical to the noiseless 7 , mechanically. The design looks like a 7 with angular, faceted surfaces.
The 8 is much beefier than the 7 and has an extra-wide carriage, accepting paper Remington called it the "desk model," and said it was for "the typewriter user for whom a portable is too small and a large machine too expensive. For this reason, and because it is essentially a portable mechanism in an office-sized body, I include it on this page. According to Remington records, triple line spacing was introduced with E Feb. A touch regulator was introduced with E Apr.
Usually this typewriter has an embossed "Remington" name on its paper table, but the paper table may also have a "Remington Noiseless" decal. For more information about this machine, follow this link. This machine not to be confused with the Remington Junior of is almost identical to the 3. In fact, some Juniors simply read "Remington," and look almost exactly like the 3. However, the Junior is a simpler machine.
Remington advertising literature tells us: "Stripped of some of the conveniences of higher priced models, it retains all that are essential to first-class typing. Especially suitable for the use of children and students, for social correspondence and home work. According to Remington records, the "SD" version of the Junior, with a backspacer, was introduced in January However, a backspacer is present on at least some "S" not "SD" machines, such as S German keyboard.
Some Juniors are found with larger, rounded paper tables reading "Remington" in Art Deco lettering. Ernst Martin claims that a version of the Junior wrote in capital letters only, but I have not seen any evidence for this. Monarch S has a sans-serif typeface more commonly found on the Remie Scout. Described in Remington literature as "twin to the Model 8 but not noiseless -- a general 'all-purpose' typewriter. The "Remington" on its paper table is a decal, rather than embossed as on the 8.
A touch regulator was introduced on F May A Swedish collector tells me he owns number F, which is machines higher than recorded by Remington and would bring production to at least 7, machines. Nevertheless, this remains a difficult machine to find. Name variant: Monarch 9. This model is similar to the Remington Noiseless Portable , but has its own distinctive styling: a smooth arc crossing the entire front of the typewriter, with no decorations.
It has no backspacer, tabulator, left platen knob, or ribbon color selector. Just a few were made before the model was mysteriously aborted. Remington records say: "Stock shipped to field Sept. The specimens known to me have serial numbers , , , and Finally, one mystery machine has been found with a Noiseless 7 mechanism and serial number, but a Noiseless Junior shell.
A strange and lovely little beast with degree typebars, a three-and-a-half-row keyboard, and minimal parts no backspace key, no shift lock, no margin release key, no tabulator or paragraph key, no two-color ribbon. Even within this small number of machines, there are variations. Earlier ones come with a paperboard lid, black with silver stripes on the top and sides, marked "Remington" in red across the front see picture, courtesy of John Schag ; there is no latch on the base, which is cloth-covered wood.
Later ones such as the machine pictured on the left come in a standard case all cloth-covered wood with latch. Very early specimens may be marked "Remington 3 Bank," showing the origin of the model designation even though technically, it is a 3. While most 3B's are painted in glossy black paint, they are also found in non-shiny black. For more information, visit this page.
This typewriter is mechanically the same as the boxy Model 5 , but its body looks quite different: it is an example of the streamlined industrial design of the later Art Deco, or Art Moderne, period. In general, typewriter manufacturers didn't go very far in this trend that was taking other office and kitchen appliances by storm. But the 5 is a tasteful, striking example of typewriter streamlining.
The shape was probably created by noted designer Oscar Bruno Bach to judge from references in a Time magazine on Bach and his New York Times obituary, provided to me by Ed Neuert. A company pamphlet says, "The modern attractive lines of this new Remington brings [sic] 20th Century style and grace to the world's most famous portable typewriter Note the big, massive sturdiness of this new Remington Self-starter portable, its graceful lines and glistening finish.
An unusual variation has tan or black paint and a color-coded keyboard for teaching touch typing; another unusual paint treatment is dark and light maroon. Early specimens have the traditional "Remington" decal instead of the Deco lettering shown here. This machine is essentially the same as the later version with a touch regulator and the still later Remington Standard Model 5 and Deluxe Model 5.
The Streamliner of is also quite similar to the streamlined 5. British name variant : Remington Victor S Portable. This is like the streamlined 5 but includes a tabulator and a couple of other refinements, such as both upper and lower ruled tab bars on the rear of the machine. It is marked "Remington Portable Model 5T. The specimen on the left has a German keyboard courtesy of Phil Garr. The Remington Victor T portable see foreign variants is the same machine with a different serial number range.
Remington records include this statement on the T-SS serial number page: "'BT' prefix means foreign model sold to some extent in domestic field December, The Pioneer name was apparently reserved for embarrassingly basic typewriters. The first type has a sheet-metal body painted in wrinkle paint, and a three-and-a-half-row keyboard that it shares with the Remington 3B , with shift key only on the left. These machines lack even a carriage return lever -- you have to turn the platen knob and pull the platen by the knob.
Mark Adams writes, "The Monarch Pioneer does not have simply the same keyboard as the 3B, but pretty much the same internal workings. The Monarch Pioneer is a vastly reduced 3B, featurewise. On the 3B, the typebars rest in an elevated position; on the Monarch Pioneer, a lower position. My guess is that the 3B, despite having fewer features, was not a profitable machine, as it contained an amount of material equivalent to the more expensive models.
The Monarch Pioneer is a lighter portable and likely a better design for a budget machine, in terms of materials used. This rare model is a bulbous office-sized machine that uses the noiseless portable mechanism. This Pioneer has no shift key and types only in sans-serif capital letters; Remington advertising called it a "juvenile portable.
Remington records call the Bantam the "model 4," this version of the Pioneer the "4A," and the Cadet the "4B. Note on serial numbers for the Bantam , Cadet and Pioneer 4A : according to Remington records, these three machines were "in same series" but each had a "different letter prefix.
The serial number data in the records are as follows:. This typewriter is essentially a Remington Rand Model 1 without a tabulator. It has the shape of the Remington Rand Model 1, but is finished in wrinkle paint instead of black enamel. Because the serial numbers are shared with the Remington Model 1 , it is impossible to determine how many of each model were made.
Confusingly enough, this "Remington 1" is not at all the same as the true first Remington portable ; and it is subtly different from the Remington Rand Model 1. While the Remington Rand Model 1 has a slightly faceted front, the Remington Model 1 has a smoothly curved front.
It includes a touch regulator. Its keys may be either solid black plastic or black with metal rings. Because the serial numbers are shared with the Premier , it is impossible to determine how many of each model were made. This homely writing machine uses the same geared typebar mechanism as the portable 3 and 5.
Its body is sheet metal painted with gray or black wrinkle paint. Some more cryptic comments from the Remington records: "Serial with CQ means quintuple keyboard; CR first machine with ratchet release lever. European name variant: Smith Premier Primette. Two special versions of the Remette were made for the World's Fair: 1 "World's Fair blue" paint with an orange stripe and the fair's logo in a corner; 2 black paint, no stripe, with the logo.
A Canadian-made machine with a wrinkle-painted body shaped like that of the 3 is labeled Remette on the paper table Junior on the front frame ; its serial number is CCR This variant of the streamlined Model 5 includes a touch regulator on a semicircular dial directly above the keyboard which varies the force with which the typebars strike the platen. It is normally finished in wrinkle paint, but the unusual specimen at right is marked "U. Navy" and painted in glossy light gray paint.
Paul Thekan writes, "These typewriters were used for copying Morse code from radio as well as voice traffic. The type is upper case only, no lower case, and the 'zero' key has a slash through the zero to denote it is a zero and not the letter O. I have seen a photo of one machine with a considerably higher serial number than the range reported by the company: B marked with a "Model 5" decal on the front frame. So it is likely that the number produced is higher than reported.
British name variant : Smith Premier 5. These machines are difficult to find; I suspect they were all or mostly exported, as was typical for typewriters labeled "Smith Premier. There are two kinds of Smith Premier Junior. Above left is the old style Junior, which looks much like the boxy 5 but lacks a left platen knob, ribbon color selector, and other details VJ, from Brazil, courtesy of Huberto Closs.
To its right is the new style Junior, which looks very similar to the Remette and Deluxe Remette , although it has an adjustable paper guide VJ, with British keyboard, courtesy of Angela Prats. The third machine from the left is VS, courtesy of Carl Raphael. The keyboard on this specimen includes both the dollar sign and the pound sterling sign.
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I am offering a used Vintage Remington Portable Typewriter with case Model 1 Serial NX Unique Type bar raises up for use Please veiw all pics for. Swartz Ink Products-Remington Aristocrat, Junior Riter, Master Riter and Senior Riter Typewriter Ribbon, Compatible, Black, Twin Spool. The first commercially successful typewriter was designed by Christopher Sholes and Carlos Glidden and manufactured by gunmakers E. Remington and Sons in