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Copyright The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved. Mentioned in? References in periodicals archive? While for some Russian intellectuals, the Baltic republics' ' Westernism ' was a point of attraction, for the hoi polloi it was grounds for suspicion. The petitioner maintained that the main objective behind the Black Day and such like celebrations is to implement the doctrine of Westernism which is being injected in the youth through the electronic media. IHC moved against celebration of Black Friday.
He does not confine any time sequence within the boundaries of modernism and he conceptualizes what modernism brought together with westernism. The dramatization of cultural hybridity and the "in-between" Turkey in Fazil's Kunye. Jansen offers this analysis of the split in South India between two branches of naturopathic practitioners: those modeling themselves off allopathic medicine with complementary practices, and those promoting patient empowerment through simplicity, non-intervention, and critique of globalized Westernism.
Part one discusses the theory of naturopathy, its historical origins as a method of resistance to colonialism, and its epistemological pluralism and consequent variety of approaches. The political party he leads, the AKP, emphasizes Muslim identity as the key to defining Turkishness, and criticizes the Kemalists for making Turkey into a little country by its embrace of Westernism.
By reasserting Turkey's authentic self, Muslim nationalists envision that Turkey as a leader of the Muslim world can be a major world power. The case for global realism: an assessment of the Mahbubani-Summers thesis. Bacyk compared the new pro-Western inclination with the old orientation and defined the shift as follows: "Thus, Turkey is moving from the ideological Westernism of Kemalism to the strategic Westernism of Islamists In international relations since the late 20th century, a regional power is a term used for a state that has power within a geographic region.
States which wield unrivaled power and influence within a region of the world possess regional hegemony. Nihonjinron , is a genre of texts that focus on issues of Japanese national and cultural identity. In anthropology and geography, a cultural region , cultural sphere , cultural area or culture area refers to a geography with one relatively homogeneous human activity or complex of activities culture.
Such activities are often associated with an ethnolinguistic group and with the territory it inhabits. Specific cultures often do not limit their geographic coverage to the borders of a nation state, or to smaller subdivisions of a state. Cultural "spheres of influence" may also overlap or form concentric structures of macrocultures encompassing smaller local cultures. Different boundaries may also be drawn depending on the particular aspect of interest, such as religion and folklore vs.
The culture of Asia encompasses the collective and diverse customs and traditions of art, architecture, music, literature, lifestyle, philosophy, politics and religion that have been practiced and maintained by the numerous ethnic groups of the continent of Asia since prehistory. Identification of a specific culture of Asia or universal elements among the colossal diversity that has emanated from multiple cultural spheres and three of the four ancient River valley civilizations is complicated.
However, the continent is commonly divided into six geographic sub-regions, that are characterized by perceivable commonalities, like culture, religion, language and relative ethnic racial homogeneity. The Asian Century is the projected 21st-century dominance of Asian politics and culture, assuming certain demographic and economic trends persist.
The concept of Asian Century parallels the characterisation of the 19th century as Britain's Imperial Century, and the 20th century as the American Century. The East Asian cultural sphere , also known as the Sinosphere , the Sinic world , the Sinitic world , the Chinese cultural sphere , the Chinese character sphere or Greater China encompasses multiple countries in East and Southeast Asia that were historically influenced by Chinese culture.
Other definitions sometimes include other countries such as Mongolia and Singapore, because of limited historical Chinese influences or increasing modern-day Chinese diaspora. The East Asian cultural sphere is not to be confused with the Sinophone world, which includes countries where the Chinese-speaking population is dominant. Eastern world , also known as the East or the Orient , is an umbrella term for various cultures or social structures, nations and philosophical systems, which vary depending on the context.
It most often includes at least part of Asia or, geographically, the countries and cultures east of Europe, the Mediterranean region and the Arab world, specifically in historical pre-modern contexts, and in modern times in the context of Orientalism.
It is often seen as a counterpart to the Western world, and correlates strongly to the southern half of the North—South divide. East Asia is the eastern region of Asia, which is defined in both geographical and ethno-cultural terms.
China, North Korea, South Korea and Taiwan are all unrecognised by at least one other East Asian state due to severe ongoing political tensions in the region, specifically the division of Korea and the political status of Taiwan. Hong Kong and Macau, two small coastal quasi-dependent territories located in the south of China, are officially highly autonomous but are under de jure Chinese sovereignty.
To the east is the Pacific Ocean and to the southeast is Micronesia. The ancestral population of modern Asian people has its origins in the two primary prehistoric settlement centres — greater Southwest Asia and from the Mongolian plateau towards Northern China. The Western world , also known as the West , refers to various regions, nations and states, depending on the context, most often consisting of the majority of Europe, North America, and Australasia.
The Western world is also known as the Occident , in contrast to the Orient or Eastern world. Western culture , also known as Western civilization , Occidental culture , or Western society , is the heritage of social norms, ethical values, traditional customs, belief systems, political systems, artifacts and technologies of the Western world.
Western values become the symbols of dominant mentality for the culture of Western societies that transcended through power and authority. The term also applies beyond Europe to countries and cultures whose histories are strongly connected to Europe by immigration, colonization, or influence. For example, Western culture includes countries in the Americas and Oceania. Western culture is most strongly influenced by Greek philosophy, Roman law, and Christian culture.
In sociology, the East—West dichotomy is the perceived difference between the Eastern and the Western worlds. Cultural and religious rather than geographical in division, the boundaries of East and West are not fixed, but vary according to the criteria adopted by individuals using the term.
Anti-Western sentiment , also known as Anti-Atlanticism , or Westernophobia refers to broad opposition, bias, or hostility to the people, culture, or policies of the Western world. Cultural globalization refers to the transmission of ideas, meanings and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations. This process is marked by the common consumption of cultures that have been diffused by the Internet, popular culture media, and international travel.
This has added to processes of commodity exchange and colonization which have a longer history of carrying cultural meaning around the globe. The circulation of cultures enables individuals to partake in extended social relations that cross national and regional borders The creation and expansion of such social relations is not merely observed on a material level. Cultural globalization involves the formation of shared norms and knowledge with which people associate their individual and collective cultural identities.
It brings increasing interconnectedness among different populations and cultures. China followed soon after by launching its "Four Modernizations" program. China's success of the past three decades in turn inspired the rise of India. Asians are marching to modernity. The Occident is a term for the West, traditionally comprising anything that belongs to the Western world.
It is the antonym of Orient , the Eastern World. In English, it has largely fallen into disuse. The term occidental is often used to describe objects from the Occident, however it can be considered an outdated term by some. The term originated with geographical divisions mirroring the cultural divide between the Hellenistic east and Latin West, and the political divide between the Western and Eastern Roman empires. Adoption of or assimilation by Western culture.
This article is about the influence of Western culture. For the eye surgery, see Epicanthoplasty. Main article: Western world. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Colonialism.
See also: Tanzimat. An example of Westernization: Meiji period , Japan , Prince Yorihito Higashifushimi in typical Western naval dress uniform with white gloves, epaulettes , medals and hat. Similarity with U. General John C. Bates 's uniform. Similarity with David E. Twiggs 's uniform. This article's factual accuracy is disputed. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Charles Scribner's Sons. Encyclopedia of Applied Psychology. Bloomsbury Guide to Human Thought. Bloomsbury, London. Window on Humanity. Hovannisian ed. Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times. Palgrave Macmillan. The British Presence in Macau, Hong Kong University Press.
ISBN Arndt, David Lee Rubin The Fulbright difference. Studies on cultural diplomacy and the Fulbright experience. Transaction Publishers. Retrieved Sheldon Kirshner Journal. Clash of Civilizations 6th ed. Washington, D. The origin of western civilization is usually dated to or AD.
In general, researchers consider that it has three main components, in Europe, Northern America and Latin America. Although it is a scion of European civilization, it also incorporates more elements of indigenous American civilizations compared to those of Northern America and Europe. It also currently has had a more corporatist and authoritarian culture. Historically, Latin America has been only Catholic, although this may be changing.
The Huffington Post. Retrieved 19 November Potomac Books. The Globalization Reader. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell; New York: PublicAffairs. Huntington's Clash of Civilizations". History Orb. Retrieved 12 April Cultures in world affairs. The Globalization of World Politics.
New York: Oxford University Press; Huffington Post. National Geographic. American University.
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